A third study by Graham, Harris, and Fink replicated the earlier finding that supplemental handwriting instruction can boost compositional fluency, but it did not replicate the finding that it enhances writing quality as well.
For example, in ibm thinkpad t43 2668 user manual our own research (Graham, Harris, MacArthur, Schwartz, 1991b; Harris Graham, 1996 we have successfully taught students with LD to use the same kinds of planning and revising strategies that more skilled writers use when they compose.
Contemporary Educational Psychology, 22, 102-114.
Writing instruction in middle schools: Special and general education teachers share their views and voice their concerns.Johnston,., Winograd,.em Journal of Educational Psychology, 90, /em 448-460.The most frequent adaptations involved additional one-on-one assistance.em Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, /em 235-247.These finding have important implications for the prevention of writing problems, as data collected by Berninger and her colleagues indicate that impaired compositional fluency in the primary grades may serve as the developmental origin of writing problems in later grades.Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation.
Teachers in 2nd and 3rd grade indicated that Arthur would hurry through writing assignments, doing little or no planning in advance, and writing quickly, taking short pauses to think about the spelling of a word or what to say next.em Making the writing process work: Strategies for composition and self-regulation /em.The nature nissan 720 service manual of outstanding primary-grades literacy instruction.After typing, "Dear Sweetheart Snoopy gives his paper to Lucy for feedback.Cambridge, MA: Brookline Books.The teaching practices of effective teachers of literacy Educational Review, 52, 75-84.Learning to spell: Research, theory, and practice across languages (pp.First-grade children with poor handwriting were randomly assigned to a handwriting treatment condition and a contact control condition (i.e., instruction in phonological awareness).I don't know any animals." Just as Sally recognized the need for additional assistance, there is an increasing interest in the use of early supplementary instruction or intervention to prevent or at least partially alleviate later writing difficulties (Graham Harris, in press).By: Steven Graham, Karen.p p Graves,.Encourage your child to find at least two rhyming words for each ending vowel-consonant combination.Concern about Arthur's writing capabilities initially surfaced in 1st grade.Instruction focused on learning how to form the lower-case letters of the alphabet, correcting errors in letter formation, and writing letters fluently.